Sarasota Herald Tribune Nov 30, 1947 page 1 Sarasota Herald Tribune Nov 30, 1947 page 1

U.N Approves Palestine Partition

Arab Threat of Uprising Follows Act

New York --(AP-- Partitioning of Palestine into Jewish and Arab countries was approved by the United Nations assembly late Saturday.

Arabs here and in the Middle East promptly threatened general opposition and uprising against any attempt to carry out the assembly's decision.

The six Arab nations represented here walked out of the crowded assembly hall in protest after charging bitterly that the U.N, Charter had been "murdered" by the majority verdict.

The first reaction from the Middle East came from Baghdad, Iraq. Riad El Solh, premier of Lebanon, told newsmen there that "we are waiting, prepared to march on to our objectives when the time comes."

It was noted that he spoke shortly before the assembly acted but he renewed the Arab threat to act against any partition move.

Vote 33 to 13 The assembly's final vote approving the "Soviet-American" proposal to set up independent Jewish and Arabic countries in the Holy Land by next October 1 was 33 to 13.

This was well over the requirement for approval by two-thirds of those delegates present and voting. The 13 opposed to partition could have been defeated by a minimum of 26 affirmative votes. Ten nations abstained and Siam was absent.

The Arabs made it clear that their walk-out was directed only against the decision on Palestine, which they said they would not obey.

It was the second walk-out in U.N. history.

The first was by Andrei A. Gromyko of Russia, who left the security council in protest against a decision in the Iranian case in March, 1946.

1947 Assembly Adjourns

Soon after the crucial vote on partition the 1947 assembly adjourned finally at 6:59 p.m. EST. The session began September 16.

The next assembly, unless a special session is called, is slated to meet in some European city next September.

The decision on Palestine found the United States and Russia teaming together for one of the few times in U.N. history. It was the only important question which arose during the 11 weeks of the 1947 session on which the two big powers agreed fully.

Herschel V, Johnson, U.S. delegate, praised the assembly vote on demonstrating that the U.N. " is (Continued on Page 16) capable of dealing forthrightly with urgent international issues."

Andrei A. Gromyko, Soviet deputy foreign minister, declared that the Palestine decision is a "just one" and "the best under the circumstances."

Jews Say 'Noble' Decision The Jewish Agency for Palestine called the decision a "noble" one and said its first concern was to try to help the refugees who have been attempting to get to Palestine from Europe.

As the Arab delegates left the assembly hall at Flushing Meadow Park, Faris El Khoury of Syria served notice that the decision will be opposed "by all Arabs."

In a final statement to the delegates, Secretary-General Trygve Lie expressed the hope that the four-power foreign ministers council now meeting in London "will achieve real progress toward the conclusion of the major peace treaties."

He said that the U.N. was founded on the assumption that the major powers would agree and that "agreement on the peace treaties with Germany and Austria, and later Japan, would mark a further step toward conciliation and agreement on other questions."

Dr. Oswldo Aranha of Brazil, who presided over this assembly, also expressed the wish that the foreign ministers meeting in London will be "guided on the right path to peace, in order that we (the U.N.) may adopt the decisions necessary for its maintenance and so fulfill the task entrusted to us by nearly all the peoples of the world."

Session Accomplished

During the session, which ran two weeks longer than Lie had expected, the majority of the 57 nations:

1--Created a year-round Little Assembly sponsored by Secretary of State George C. Marshall, to consider issues arising between regular fall sessions. The Russian group i the U.N. attacked it as a violation of the charter and said they would not serve in it. The Little Assembly is expected to meet early in January.

2--Created a U.S. sponsored Balkans commission also at the suggestion of the U.S. This was charged with the task of supervising establishment of an independent Korean government. The Soviet Ukraine refused to serve on it and Russia indicated the commission would not be permitted to enter the norther (Soviet) zone of Korea.

3-- Created a Korean Independence Commission, also at the suggestion of the U.S. This was charged with the task of supervising establishment of an independent Korean government. The Soviet Ukraine refused to serve on it and Russia indicated the commission would not be permitted to enter the northern (Soviet) zone of Korea.

4--Approved a resolution calling for the U.N. members to promote friendly relations among nations. This was the final result of a bitter Soviet attack on alleged "criminal war propaganda" which the Russians said was prevalent in the United States, Greece and Turkey. Russia called some 15 Americans, including U.N. Delegate John Foster Dulles, "war-mongers."

These were the major questions. The assembly also dealt with a variety of other problems, with the Russians consistently opposing the United States and the majority.

Aranha Named -- and the assembly approved-- appointment of Bolivia, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Panama and the Philippines to a five-nation commission which will supervise the creation of separate Jewish and Arabic countries in Palestine by next October 1.

Sarasota Herald Tribune Nov 30, 1947 page 1